William E.Fairbairn in one of his guards

William E.Fairbairn in one of his guards

Our Association is also involved in the study of Military Combat Systems (Combatives), as developed since the Second World War by armies and Special Forces all around the world.

Our interest is to analyze the various principles and strategies developed, their reasons, the fields of application, and the methods of learning and training, which have a great importance in this area.

The knowledge of different styles of Martial Arts certainly facilitates the learning of Combatives, since Combatives are based largely on  Martial Arts, but dropped into the practical reality, utilized to fit perfectly the specific operational needs, without any type of limitation, moral nor ethical nor sporting.

Unlike a fighting sport match, in the Combatives the most important thing is to win by any means, there are no rules and no misconduct, and the best strategy is the one that allows you to win as quickly as possible, and with less sacrifice. We examine in the various styles of Combatives the influences of traditional martial arts, and the possibility of extending the effectiveness of Combatives, by using again certain martial art, previously not considered, perhaps for historical reasons or simple lack of knowledge.

About Martial Arts it should be noted that, in our opinion, they all were originally “Combatives”, which aimed to victory, with no rules and by any means, in self-defense or in a battle. Then for several reasons (civil, legal, religious, moral, sporting) many limitations were established, so that often they have profoundly changed the nature and form of martial arts, perhaps turning them into sports.

 

Eric A.Sykes

Eric A.Sykes

In our opinion, some martial arts more than others are still “Combatives”, and in fact they have been rediscovered, especially since the eighties, from a variety of Military and Police special units.

It is the case of certain styles of Kali/Arnis/Eskrima (Filipino Martial Arts), which are specializes in turning any object into a weapon, and some styles of Silat (Indonesian Martial Art, we are, however, fascinated by the Harimau taught by Guro Eric Kruk to Kopassus, Indonesian Special Forces) capable of neutralizing in a few moments even more opponents even bigger, acting very quickly on vital points.

These Martial Arts are for us the main references to investigate and integrate the most famous Combative approaches.

 

Coll. Rex Applegate

Coll. Rex Applegate

The term Combatives, which is also referred to with the words Close Quarter Combat (CQC), Close Combat, Close Quarter Battle (CQB) and Hand to Hand, can be traced back to the studies made during WWII by the British William E. Fairbairn (Defendu system) and Eric A. Sykes (they both were the designers of the famous SAS dagger called precisely “Fairbairn-Sykes fighting knife”), continued also in the U.S.A. by Coll. Rex Applegate (the famous dagger “Applegate” signed, however, by the same Applegate together with Fairbairn).

Coll. Rex Applegate

Coll. Rex Applegate

To which contributions in the field of the “Allied Army” we have to add the important works in the era of war by John Styers, Drexel Biddle, A. W. Radford (U.S. Navy), Jack Dempsey (the famous heavyweight champion also taken as an example by Bruce Lee) and for the Canadian Army and Capt. Gordon E. Perrigard M.D., and Capt. E. Hartley Leather. From the Israeli side we have the important contributions of Moshe Feldenkrais and Imi Sde-Or, to whom we owe the Krav Maga Kapap. Finally we must not forget the manuals of the WWII Italian (circ n.9500) and German (Stilles Toten, etc.).

imi3

Imi Sde-Or

In more recent times we remember the contributions of Matt Larsen (author of the famous FM 3-25150), Bob Kasper, Jim Glover aka Kelly McCann, Hock Hochheim (one of our top referrer), Michael D. Echanis (who died in 1978 on a mission in the Nicaragua) and the wide manuals of United States Army, United States Marines, British SAS, British Army etc..

GM Hock Hochheim

GM Hock Hochheim

In more recent times we remember the contributions of systems Combatives that, though born in the military field, are particularly effective even in contexts of self-defense.

Our study, supported by different professionals involved in the forefront, requires verification and testing (sometimes in the battlefield) of the various techniques and systems, in which is always given great prominence to the achievement of a proper psycho-physical conditioning (resistance to stress both physical and mental).

Who has the necessary authorizations and right purposes is supported by specialists in the study of firearms (instinctive shooting, etc.).

Our association on one side organizes courses supported by leading International Masters (GM Hock Hochheim, Master Florian Lahner, GM Bram Frank and Guro Eric Kruk) and qualified national experts (with ample diplomas, certifications NATO and the role of teachers in the field military and paramilitary) and the other side it matures its own synthesis program open to more Systems called SUMMA MAXIMA COMBATIVES.