Silat Terms


Adat: Rules of Conduct

Agung: Great

Ahli: Expert

Alis plarian: To dodge, and escape.

Anting Anting: A power that is said to keep the Filipino Warrior from harm even if struck by a
weapon (stick, or blade).

Api: Fire

Ayer: Water


Bagalombang Dua-Blas: A Sumatran style that resembles the motion of waves.

Banga: A free flowing drill using stances, kicks, strikes, evasion / decoying techniques, Langkahs,
Jurus, and etc that is improvised on the spur of the moment. To shadow boxing.

Binatang Empat: Four animal styles

Bantingang: To throwing the opponent

Bapak: Father / Male Elder

Baru Silat: A silat system from Sumatra. A system that is an evasive, and defensive. Emphases on
hand techniques like blocking, parrying, trapping, and cover. The name implies a “New Place”.

Bedok: A curved knife.

Bela Diri: Self-defense

Belkok: Crane

Beset: A leg sweep by stepping to the rear, or tripping the attacker.

Bhakti Negara: A southern Balinese style of Silat founded in 1955 by Ida Bagus Oka
Dinwangkara. A combination of older Silat styles and Japanese style of karate, aikido, and jujitsu.
The name suggest “sacrifice / exclusive dedication / state.

Blok: Block

Buang: To throw away

Buka: opening

Budoja Indonesia Matarm: A Central Java style that is characterized by ground-rolling and high-
leaping. The suggest “Culture place of Indonesia”.

Bumi: Earth


Cabang: Trident

Carabao: Water buffalo

Champaka Putih: A style of Silat practiced in the Tjikabon area of central Java and extends to
Jogjakarta. The system is characterized with low squatting postures, Sempok and Depok. The
practitioner uses these postures to spin on one leg while kicking, and sweeping with the other leg
knocking the feet out from underneath their opponents.

Chekeh: Choking

Cipta: Forefront to feeling.


Dalem: Outside

Dasar: Fundamentals of silat

Dasar Kaki Tenunan: The elements of weaving foot

Dasar Pasan: Flowing with the entire body.

Dasar Tangan Tenunan: The elements of weaving hand

Depok: Rear leg steps into in front of the lead leg.

Duduk: The sitting position

Dumog: Filipino art of grappling.


Empat: The number four.

Ende: The silat develop in and named after the city in Southern Flores, off Indonesia. The style
was said to have traveled to Lombok, and Bali.


Garis: Line

Garuda: Eagle

Gedor: Back Fist

Gerak-gerak: Movements

Golok: A heavy single edged sword that looks likes a small broadsword.

Guar: Striking with the edge (inside, or outside) of the hand .

Gunting: “Scissors”, the act of cutting, crushing, trapping, or mirror strikes.

Guru: Teacher, able to teach others his art and experience.

Guru Baharu: New Teacher

Guru Besar, or Maha Guru: Master Teacher


Hati Hati: Attention

Harimau: Ground Tiger Style

Hormat: Respect / loyalty / Indebtedness.


Ibu: Mother / Female Elder

Ilmu: Science, or magic

Ilmu Kebatinan: Spiritual Knowledge

Ilmu Sehat: Internal power


Juru: Short forms for upper body movement of blocking, and striking. Can have 6, or more jurus in
one style.


Kailat: Closing on the target

Kaki: Leg, or Foot

Kanan: Right

Kamasukan: The successful entry into the your opponent’s defense.

Kebatinan: Spiritually, mysticism

Kedutan: Palm of the hand

Kejawan: Javanese spirituality

Kelid: Techniques to dodge an attack.

Kendang: Training hall, or school

Kerambit: Tiger Claw Blade

Kilap: “Thunder Clap”, a style of nerve center strikes.

Kinjit: Elbow directed throwing technique.

Kiri: left

Kris: Waved Indonesian-Malay knife / sword. Said to have magical powers.

Kuda: Horse

Kuda-Kuda: Horse Style. The scraping, kicks, and stomping of the feet. Flowing from stance to
stance, repositioning, and lead leg changing to confuse the opponent.

Kuda kuda pipih: Flat Stance

Kujang: Tjimande knife

Kembangan, Kembangs, or Kambangan: “Flower Dance”, long forms in silat.

Kuntao: Originally a Chinese art called “Chaun Fa” (the first name of Kung Fu). Kuntao is a brutal
art of punishment on top of punishment. The name is actually two words, “Kun” meaning “Hand”,
and “Tao” meaning “The way of”. So Kuntao, or Kun Tao means “The way of the hand or foot”.

Kun Taoers: People that practice Kun Tao (Slang)


Langkah: 1. Footwork 2. Lower body movements 3. A series of jurus strung together.

Langkah Lima: The tiga footwork pattern using a “+”

Langkah Empat: Footwork pattern that has four side (square).

Latihan: Practice exercise

Lompat: To jump

Luar: inside


Ma’afghan Hormat: A gesture of respect for the head of the silat system. The gifts of Hormat are
a knife, a chicken, tobacco, and cloth.

Maen Po: To sparring with light contact, To play fight.

Majapahit: Means “Bitter Fruit” due to the huge sacrifice and loss of human life which lead the
way for a 300-year-long empire named after it.

Malay: For the country of Malaysia or the Southeast Asia where Silat was born.

Matjanan Lontjat: Leaping Tiger

Matjanan Tingi: High Tiger

Mas: Little Brother

Meloncat: Jump

Mengelak: Evade / Throw

Mina Kabauw: Dance style

Monjet: Monkey

Murid: Basic student, or Disciple


Naga: Dragon Snake


Oeler: Snake

Oeler Sawa: Python


Pamacan: Tiger style founded by Embah Kahir

Panantukan: Filipino boxing that is similar to American boxing.

Pantjar: The platform excluding the outside Sliwa and Tiga

Patahan: To Break

Pecahan: To break, or To solve a problem

Pecut: Whip

Pedang: sword

Pelajarn: Student

Pendekar: Spiritual Grandmaster

Pentjak: 1. A dance, 2. The practice of combative techniques with or without a partner without
killing, 3. The practice of techniques with the intent of healthful training.

Pentjak-Silat: To fight using Pentjak

Pentjakkers: People that practice Pentjak-Silat. (Slang)

Pesilat: Silat Practitioner

Petjut: “Whip Style”

Perisai Diri: A Central Javanese system that was modernized by R.M.S. Dirdjoatmodjo in 1955. Its
techniques are the basis of self-defense for the Indonesian Military. The system ranking is the
wear of uniforms, black uniform is worn by students, and white uniforms are worn by the teachers,
or expert.

Pisau: A small straight bladed knife

Po: A suffix denoting respect.

Poekoelan: The old Dutch spelling before the national language charge when Indonesia declared
it’s independents after WWII. Means, hitting, or striking.

Pombas Mian: To kill the opponent.

Pukul Ayer Terjun: Waterfall Punch

Pukul Lurus Tangan: Straight Jab Punch

Pukul Membalekan: Inverted Punch

Pukulan: The new spelling after WWII. Indonesians changed a lot of the spelling to cast out the
Dutch that ruled Indonesia for so long. Means the same as above spelling.

Pukulan Tjiminde Malay: Develop by Guru James Hogue to honor all of his instructors in Silat,
Kuntao, Kali, and grappling. Art was develop for street defense only. The Name means, ” To hit or
strike in a flowing manor, with Southeast Asian influence”.

Puntiar: To jump

Pusaka: Valuable and old

Puter Kepala: “Turn The Head”, the act of throwing a person by turning, or cranking the head.


Raja Hati: Royal Style

Raja Naga: King Dragon Snake

Rahasia: Secret

Randai: An Indonesian fighting style that borrows techniques from silat, but isn’t apart of silat.

Rasa: Feeling / Intuition

Rencong: Toe knife


Sabar: To be patient.

Sabet: To Slice

Sabit: Front instep kick / kicking side to side.

Sabit Tumit: Heel thrusting kicks

Salamat: To thank.

Sahblet: Torture, Short whipping strikes

Samadi: Detached concentration, deep meditation

Sangsat: Palm up strike from the bottom of the short hand.

Sangsat Tinge: A high sangsat

Sangsot: The upward, and front-to-back rotation of the opponent’s arm at the shoulder.

Sapu: 1. Standing sweeping techniques driceted towards the ankle. 2. To throw for purpose of
repositioning and off balancing.

Sarong: A long scarf that is used for wear, or fighting. An Indonesian Kilt.

Sekolah: School

Selamat: Peace, or go in peace, means the same as in Salaam,

Selamat Datang: Welcome

Selamat pada tua: Peace to you (plural)

Selosor: A scooping front kick to move the sarong out of the way.

Semangat: Spirit, vital energy or life force

Sempok: Lead leg goes behind the rear leg.

Senjata: Weapons

Sepah: Kick

Serak: Decoying style; named for it founder, Pak Serak. Pak Serak developed a style based one
multi-hitting, distances, luring, and etc, although he had no use of one side of his body. The style
was develop with the assistants of Pak Serak’s top student Mas Djoet.

Serangan: attack

Sibat: Staff / Bo.

Silat: To fight, or kill using combat techniques of Pentjak.

Siloh, or Sila: The cross sit position.

Sikap: Position, or posture of the body.

Siku-siku: Small forked weapon.

Sikut: Elbow

Singgulan: Using the wrist

Sliwa: Square foot pattern used to teach decoy and evasion.

Sterlak Silat: A Sumatran style that trains the student to punch, kick, and to executing their
techniques with the whole body.

Sudah: Yes, I understand.

Sujud: Self Surrender

Sumbut: 1. Techniques with two people for the purpose of practicing the principles of combat. 2.
The practice of evasion, parry, and counter striking strung together in a restricted sparring against
one or more people.

Sumbut Pukui: To evade, parry, and strike the opponent.

Sumbutan: Fighting

Susulan: Reverse heel kick / Hook kick


Tameng: Shield

Tangan: Hand

Tangkapan: To capture the enemy.

Tangkis: To block, or ward off a strike.

Tarian: Dance

Te: Kick

Tebasan: To sweep

Teke: Flat fist, or Cobra Strike.

Tempiling: Hard slapping

Tenaga Dalam: Inner power

Tewekan: Thrusting Finger Jab

Tiga: 1. “Three Sides”, 2. Triangle, and 3. Number 3

Tiji Monjet: Ape Style

Tjabang: A weapon that looks like a Sai.

Tjikalong: Bat Style, name after the city of the bats. Uses open hand strikes, and augmented
blocks. Legend has it that the movement was develop from a Kuntao Master that use the
movements to avoid the missiles of a blowpipe.

Tjimande, Cimande, or Tjimindie: “Flowing Water Hands”. A brother art of Serak. Founder was
Embah Kahir (1760). Art of fast striking flowing strikes and kicks with destructive hits to the attacker
arms and legs to make them useless.

Tjingkrik: A Javanese system that uses evasive footwork, open hand techniques, and acrobatic

Tjiwaringin: A rare form of west Javanese Silat that was developed from Tjimande.

Tongkat: Straight Stick

Tongkat Keciel: Short stick

Tongkat Panjang: Long stick

Tongkat Setengah: Half stick

Tonjok: Reveres Punch

Totog Atas Dari Bawah: Uppercut Punch

Tridharma: Northern Balinese Silat system that means, Three-honesty / peace.

Trumbu: Stick art founded by Embah Kahir

Tulen: 1. Original, or 2. Purity

Tusukan: To stab


Udara: Air

Ular sawa: Python

Ular sendok: Cobra

Undukayam Silat: An unusual style of silat from Sumatra that imitates the actions of a hen.
Footwork is short and choppy and is use only to displace their opponent.


Wu Tong: Style made from Baqua, Tai Chi, and Hsing-I



Tra i principali:

Fondatori del Martial Hero Award / Martial Hero Hall of Honor   

Affiliato con i principali Council Internazionali di Arti Marziali

Riconosciuti come SCUOLA e STILE dal WHFSC – World Head Family Sockeship  Council 

Eredi del lineage del compianto Pendekar Victor De Thouars per il Serak/Serah/ Puncah Serah

Fondatori ed istruttori accreditati della JEET KUNE DO BRANCHES, Scuola di Sifu Peter Chin (uno dei 4 studenti certificati in Jeet Kune Do da Bruce Lee) e Sifu Tommy Gong (Bruce Lee Foundation e JKD Nucleus Board director) 

Rappresentanti  (Senior Instructor) di GM Leo T Fong fondatore del Wei Kwen Do e Bruce Lee training Partner oltre ad essere uno dei primi Maestri a diffondere la Serada Eskrima del GM Angel Cabales

Rappresentanti in Italia per il  Wing Chun del GM Samuel Kwok, erede dei figli del GGM Ip Man, GM Ip Chun e GM Ip Chin

Rappresentanti Europei dell’ HARIMAU BARINGIN SAKTI  (Caposculola Guru Eric Kruk)

Rappresentanti in Italia ed associati alla International Pencak Silat Federation – Pentjak Silat USA

Associati a SEAGMA – SouthEast Asian Global Martial Arts

Rappresentanti in Italia del Kyusho e KTC (uso tattico dei punti di pressione) del GM Evan Pantazi  (fondatore della nota Kyusho International)

Rappresentanti in Italia del SAYOC KALI del compianto Pamana Tuhon Chris Sayoc

Rappresentanti  italiani del Warriors Eskrima  (full instructor)

Rappresentanti in Italia e co rappresentanti europei del Combat Modern Arnis e CSSD-SC del GM Bram Frank

Iscrizione nel registro dei Maestri di Kali-Arni-Eskrima riconosciuti nelle filippine 

Rappresentanti in Italia di Guru Cecep Arief Rhaman

Rappresentanti in Italia di stili di Close Combat quali Lahner Tactical e TnT ed in Europa di ODF/ODT

Depositari di alcuni antichi stili italiani di combattimento con il coltello

I migliori

sono con noi

Fin dalla sua costituzione Summa Maxima ha seguito il motto “per essere i migliori studiare dai migliori”,  per cui ha cercato la collaborazione dei migliori insegnati per ogni settore, tra questi:

  • Pendekar Victor De Thouars (Silat Serak)
  • Sifu Peter Chin (Jeet Kuen Do)
  • Sifu Tommy Gong (Jeet Kune Do)
  • GM Samuel Kwok (Wing Chun)
  • GM Bram Frank  (Combat Modern Arnis – CSSD/SC)
  • Guru Cecep Arief Rhaman (Panglipur Silat)
  • Guru Eric Kruk (Harimau Baringin Sakti)
  • GM Evan Pantazi (Kyusho e KTCP)
  • Punong Guru Krishna Godhania (Warriors Eskrima – Sayoc Kali)
  • Master Florian Lahner (Lahner Tactical)
  • Master Edessa e Robert Ramos (TNT)
  • GM Leo T Fong (Wei Kwn Do – Jeet Kune Do)
  • GM Prof Dan Anderson (Modern Arnis 80)
  • Tuhon Jimmie Sayoc (Sayoc Kali)

Oltre 100

eventi internazionali

A partire dal 2005 Summa Maxima ha organizzato ogni anno importanti eventi internazionali nelle diverse Arti Marziali rappresentate, al fine di dare ad ognuno la possibilità di conoscere e studiare con importanti Grandi Maestri internazionali.

Summa Maxima rimane sempre a disposizione da un lato di Maestri di valore che vogliano farsi conoscere, dall’altro può aiutare ad invitare nel nostro territorio Maestri e GM internazionali. 

Summa Maxima nel 2018 ha costituito il MARTIAL HERO HALL OF HONORS (conosciuto anche come Martial Hero Award), evento internazionale di primo piano a cui ha dato seguito la costituzione di un Council formato da oltre 50  GM e Maestri nazionali ed internazionali, con il fine di sviluppare mutua sinergia sul piano tecnico e collaborativo .   

Oltre 24

percorsi formativi

Summa Maxima  al fine di soddisfare le diverse esigenze ha predisposto svariati percorsi formativi ripartiti nelle diverse DISCIPLINE (al momento KALI, SILAT, JEET KUNE, WING CHUN, COMBATIVES, KNIFE FIGHTING, KYUSHO), tal volta presenti in STILI (versioni) diversi e ATTIVITA’ riferite  ad argomenti specifici quali la difesa personale (presente nei diversi aspetti), corsi VIP, le armi da fuoco, quelle da taglio, il combat soft air, la preparazione fisica ed altro

15 anni

di esperienza nella formazione istruttori

Summa Maxima nella sostanza nasce nel 2005, ma da ben prima di tale data i soci fondatori si sono impegnati nella formazione di studenti ed insegnati nelle diverse discipline (visibili nel sito).

Inizialmente Summa Maxima ha supportato i percorsi di insegnamento di importanti Maestri e Grandi Maestri internazionali e da qualche tempo ha formulato programmi autonomi nelle diverse discipline, frutto dell’apprendimento di programmi completi di stili diversi (anche della stessa disciplina, ad esempio Kali, Silat, Knife FightingCombatives), di cui siamo rappresentanti nazionali, europei o eredi di lineage.

La formulazione dei corsi nelle diverse discipline ha beneficiato inoltre dell’ampia visioni di insieme e del continuo confronto reciproco.